CKC = Continental Kennel Club
FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
AKC = American Kennel Club
UKC = United Kennel Club
KCGB = Kennel Club of Great Britain
CKC = Canadian Kennel Club
ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club
NKC = National Kennel Club
NZKC = New Zealand Kennel Club
GSDCA = German Shepherd Dog Club of America
APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
ACR = American Canine Registry
DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
Potential GSD Health Problems - German shepherd Illness:
1) Chronic pancreatitis (suspected genetic) - lack of enzymes that digest fat and protein; chronic weight loss
2) Cryptorchidism (suspected genetic) - undescended testicle(s)
3) Degenerative myelopathy (unknown) - spinal degeneration in older dogs (Chronic Degenerative Radiculomyleopathy - CDRM) generally appears from middle age. The degeneration occurs over time, beginning with hind limb weakness. Although initial signs resemble hip dysplasia, in actuality, it is the degeneration of the spinal cord rather than hip joints.
4) Diabetes mellitus (recessive) - onset of insulin deficiency at 2-6 months
5) Elbow dysplasia (dominant) - progressive developmental deformity of elbow joints, symptomless to crippling, may be polygenic. Characterized by an onset of severe lameness at between 4 and 6 months of age. There are three different types of elbow dysplasia: UAP (ununited anconeal process), FCP (fractured coronoid process), and OCD (osteochondrosis). Final health diagnosis can only be made by radiograph. OFA now certifies elbows as well as hips.
6) Epilepsy (recessive) - recurrent seizures onset between 1-3 years old. This may possibly be transmitted genetically. The disorder may not express itself until the German Shepherd Dog is about three to four years old. There is no way of testing for the disease until the German shepherd actually has a seizure.
7) Hip dysplasia (polygenic) - progressive developmental deformity of hip joints, symptomless to crippling.
Although many of the GSD health problems listed above are found in German Shepherds, they are not necessarily found only in GSD's, nor are they necessarily common in GSD's. This list of GSD health problems may seem a bit intimidating at first. Keep in mind that a good look into any individual purebred dog breed will reveal a substantial list of health problems that may be common to that one particular breed. This list shouldn't scare you away but it should encourage you to find a reputable German Shepherd breeder who is aware of these potential GSD health problems and does their best to keep their breeding program free of these potential problems. Remember also that this list of GSD health problems is by no means all inclusive.We test our breeding dogs or/and screen our pedigree to rule out any health problems in our lines.
The German shepherd is a breed of large-sized dog that originated in Germany. German Shepherds are a relatively new breed of dog, with their origin dating to 1899. As part of the Herding Group, German Shepherds are working dogs developed originally for herding sheep. Since that time, however, because of their strength, intelligence, trainability and obedience, German Shepherds around the world are often the preferred breed for many
Adaptable and eager to learn,
The German shepherd is often seen as a highly trained guard dog or guide dog. Known as the ultimate protector, German Shepherds can be good with children if raised with them and make loyal companion dogs. German Shepherds need lots of attention, physical exercise and mental activity to keep happy. Learn ways to keep him busy and you will have a wonderful pet and watchdog History Dating back to nineteenth century Germany, the German shepherd was originally bred as a herding dog, and its intelligence and athletic ability led to its subsequent use as a military, police and guide dog. German Shepherds such as Rin Tin Tin appeared in Hollywood films and increased the breed's popularity as a family pet, according to Animal Planet's website. In 2009, the German shepherd ranked number two on the American Kennel Club's (AKC) Dog Registration Statistics list (behind the Labrador retriever). Its affectionate nature and high trainability make it a popular choice for families with children. Personality Dogtime.com, a website providing breed information for prospective pet owners, notes that a German shepherd is "gentle with, and protective of, the children in his family." They make wonderful companions for children, so long as they have been properly trained and socialized as puppies with lots of exposure to kids at parks and other public places. Training German Shepherds are an intelligent breed that needs obedience training. Training should start at an early age and include all members of the family, so that the discipline is consistent. Children can be taught how to give the German shepherd commands such as "quiet" or "stay." Care Dogtime.com notes that German Shepherds are nicknamed "German Shedders," because they shed all year long. Older children can get involved with grooming by helping to brush the dog at least twice per week. The GSD is the dog for you if dog hair will not be a problem for you they shed 365 days a year, and you will have hair on your floors, and on you. After all no outfit is complete without a little dog hair on. According to Dogtime.com, German Shepherds love to chew. It is important to provide them with plenty of chew toys and bones so that the dog doesn't leave its mark on children's toys or other household items. Considerations While German Shepherds do have a good reputation as a family pet, Dogtime.com notes that because of its size, a German Shepherd could accidentally knock down a toddler or small child, so a younger child's interaction with the dog should always be supervised by an adult.
Characteristics of Temperament:
Temperament is primarily a function of the dog’s neurological makeup Temperament is 100% genetic; it is inherited, and fixed at the moment of the dog’s fertilization/conception/birth Temperament in the dog cannot be eliminated nor transformed from one type to another. It cannot change during the dog’s lifetime. It is the permanent mental/neurological characteristic of the individual dog. But there may be an overlap of different temperaments in the same dog. For example sharpness may be seen with over aggression or submissiveness with being temperamental. Environment, Socialization or Training can modify the expression of an individual dog’s temperament, but they cannot transform it nor eliminate it. The dog will die with the temperament with which it was born. In other words, the sum total of the dog’s neurological and physical matrix that finds expression as a result of environmental change (people, animal, physical context or situations), is its temperament. This view of temperament is objective in its definition, and clear in its physical expression, and for this reason will form the platform of our subsequent discussion.
Temperament is divided into two broad categories:
Sound Temperament and Unsound Temperament. Sound Temperament The dog with a Sound Temperament is confident and self-assertive. He is sure of himself and investigates what he is unsure of. He handles his environment with confidence and without fear. His approach to life and his environment is curious, assertive and investigative. If startled or frightened, he recovers quickly from his fright. This wonderful ideal is not without its concerns. This dog makes an excellent pet and worker, when under control, trained or managed by a handler who is a secure pack leader. However if uncontrolled his self-assertiveness could lead to significant management problems. Nonetheless the mental balance of this kind of dog makes him a joy to own, and more persons need to learn to learn the skill to manage this exemplary canine. Having said this, it is clear that an older couple seeking a companion may be better served with a more submissive animal. Unsound Temperament The dog of Unsound Temperament does not display the above calm, confident, self-assertive, non-fearful behavior. There is a range of behaviors considered to be unsound, but the following list can be taken as a complete or almost complete list of the variations: Sharp, Shy, Sharp-Shy, Submissive, Temperamental, Hyperactive, and Overaggressive.
This dog, Hektor Linksrheim, was immediately purchased by von Stephanitz renamed Horand von Grafrath. Horand became the first registered German Shepherd Dog, with the number SV1.
~~Captain Max von Stephanitz,
A German cavalry officer, developed the German Shepherd Dog breed in 1899, based entirely on his vision of the perfect working dog - one type of dog which could work equally well under any conditions. He saw no beauty in a non-functional dog and was ruthless in discarding what he considered weak. Tireless and determined, he laid the foundations of the GSD history that were later to make the breed the greatest all-round working dog in the world.~~